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What causes the High blood pressure?

Number of visits: Date:2017-11-28 12:03

High blood pressure (hypertension) is an increase in the force of blood against the arteries in the body. This article focuses on high blood pressure in infants.
Causes
Blood pressure measures how hard the heart is working, and how healthy the arteries are. There are two numbers in each blood pressure measurement:
• The first (top) number is the systolic blood pressure, which measures the force of blood released when the heart beats.
• The second (bottom) number is the diastolic pressure, which measures the pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest.
Blood pressure measurements are written this way: 120/80. One or both of these numbers can be too high.
Several factors affect blood pressure, including:
• Hormones
• The health of the heart and blood vessels
• The health of the kidneys
High blood pressure in infants may be due to kidney or heart disease that is present at birth (congenital). Common examples include:
• Coarctation of the aorta
• Patent ductus arteriosus
• Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
• Renal artery stenosis
Other causes of high blood pressure in infants may include:
• Certain medications
• Exposure to illegal drugs such as cocaine
• Certain tumors
• Inherited conditions (problems that run in families)
• Thyroid problems

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